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Bijlage Buczek

L-26

Karol Buczek: The history of Polish cartography

Onder het kopje "Overige Poolse kartografen van de 17de eeuw, stipt Buczek aan dat Gloskowski plannen had om een kaart van Polen te maken maar dat deze niet gerealiseerd is.

Hieronder staat een fragment uit het boek "The history of Polish cartography".


Minor Polish and Polish-Prussian cartographers of the 17th century

Contemporary with Freudenhammer was Matthias Gloskowski, magistrate and surveyor of the palatinate of Kalisz, amateur mathematician and poet, who for many years worked on a map of Great Poland. In 1648 Gloskowski wrote about his work to the Gdansk astronomer John Hevelius (1611-1687), who at that time was himself thinking of making "accuratam tabulam Poloniae generalem omniumque regionum adiacentium secundum longitudines latitudinesque construere". Gloskowski supplied Hevelius with some geographical data, such as the information about the latitude of Kalisz, which he gave as 51° 42' instead of 51° 45'; but so far as is known he never finished his map, just as Hevelius's plan to make a map of Poland never materialized.

In a letter dated March 26, 1648, Gloskowski asked Hevelius for a telescope to be sent to him so that he could complete his map of Great Poland, on which he had been working for a long time and for which he had assembled much material. See J. Franke and A. Jakubowski, Maciej Gloskowski, matematyk polski XVII wieku (Matthias Gloskowski, Polish Mathematician of the 17th century)." Rozprawy Akademii Umiejetnosci, Wydz. Mat.-Przyr." V, 1878, pp. 134 and 140, and K. Sawicki, Piec wieków geodezji polskiej, Szkice historyczne od XV od XIX wieku (Five Centuries of Polish Surveying. Historical Sketches to the 19th Century), 2nd ed., Warsaw 1964, pp. 135 ff.

Matthias Gloskowski came from a family of country gentry from what was once the palatinate of Kalisz in Great Poland. He was a dissenter, a member of the sect of the Bohemian Brothers and probably received his education at one of their schools. He wrote Latin and Polish poems. At same time between 1636 and 1641 hegion and also many manuscripts of the same nature. left for the Netherlands to complete his mathematical education and there, owing to his talents and skill, became the tutor of William, son and successor of Frederick Henry Prince of Orange (1584-1647). In 1641 he published in Poland his translation of Boccaccio's Grizelda and in 1643 a pamphlet entitled Geometria Peregrinans. Before 1643 he was made the magistrate surveyor ("camerarius granitialis") of the palatinate of Kalisz. The last information about about him refers to 1648, he died probably in 1653.