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Kayseri

Kayseri is a city with sturdy Byzantine city walls and Ottoman mosques decorated with attractive muqarnas.

Wikipedia: Kayseri

 

ArchNet

Description from ArchNet: The Çifte Madrasa is so named because it consists of two adjacent four-iwan buildings oriented north-south. The one to the east was founded as a medical school by Sultan Giyaseddin Keyhüsrev (1192-1197 and 1205-1211) and the other was founded as a hospital by his sister Gevher Nesibe Sultan. The complex is not only the first Seljuk madrasa in Kayseri, but also the oldest hospital in Anatolia.

ArchNet

 

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Kayseri

According to Shiro Takahashi, in the city of Kayseri there are a number of muqarnas with the same basic shape with different interpretations, all of the type "back on curve". Below is an overview of those different versions. A special variant is above a door in the Cifte Madrasah Gevher Nesibe hospital.

Check the animation to find out the composition of this muqarnas.
animation Cifte Madrasah Gevher Nesibe
animation alternative by Shiro Takahashi

 

 

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Cifte Madrasah Gevher Nesibe hospital

In the design of this muqarnas squares are drawn in the bottom center, top right and top left with a special diagonal notch. An elaboration of this muqarnas is below.

analysis and examples

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2922

Alaca Kumbet

This muqarnas can be created using the standard building units.

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3103

Dner tomb

This muqarnas can be created using the standard building units.

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1793

In the middle, it is intriguing how the third layer rests on the bottom layer together with the second layer. The analysis indicates that these three layers come together. It looks like that the muqarnas runs straight up with a vertical unit. Furthermore, the second layer is closed at the corners with the special triangular building unit that occurs in all designs with this basic shape.

Analysis and examples

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1755

window

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Shiro Takahashi: muqarnas database

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Kayseri Cifte Madrasah Gevher Nesibe

Above a door of the Cifte Madrasah Gevher Nesibe hospital, a muqarnas with a special set of two non-standard building units has been realized. The set creates space within the square surface of the underlying layer for a smaller building unit on the next layer. As a result, the surface of a standard square is doubled in height.

Harmsen and Krömker describe this extraordinary unit because their software did not recognize its geometry.

Researchgate: Seljuk Muqarnas along the Silk Road

 

 


Kayseri


Analysis
by Shiro Takahashi

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3


Detail


Overview door and muqarnas

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3


Construction Plate


Design

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Dedicated Unit
in the second and third layer


Final product

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Coding

M M M M
A N A N A N A N A
B B B B
Q M M M M Q Q M M M M Q
K P K N A N A N A N K P K K P K N A N A N A N K P K
B B B B B B B B

Animation

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full screen animation

 

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Kayseri X

This muqarnas has a number of dedicated units, flat surfaces in the middle and triangular units at the end of the first layer.

Shiro Takahashi: muqarnas database

 


My analysis


Analysis
by Shiro Takahashi

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3


Dedicated Unit
at the end of the first layer


Final Product

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3


Construction plate

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Coding

M M M M
F N D N D N D N F
J M M M J B J B J M M M J
N D N D N D Z Z D N D N D N
E J B J B J B B J B J B J E

 

 

 

 

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