www.fransvanschooten.nl

Natanz

Natanz is a smalll city with a long history. Its monuments deserve a visit.

Wikipedia: Natanz

 

ArchNet

Description from ArchNet: The Great Mosque of Natanz is located on a site occupied since the Buyid period (tenth century). In the fourteenth century it took the form it does today. Today the mosque complex contains a four-iwan mosque, an octagonal sanctuary, a minaret, and a mosque from the 1930s fronted by a fourteenth-century khanqah portal.

ArchNet

 

 

top
 


Natanz

Natanz is a city between Teheran, Kashan and Isfahan with a beautiful great mosque. Yaghan and Harmsen described an example of a muqarnas in a niche, which is situated in the basement vault of the north iwan in that mosque (Masjid-i Jami).

Blair has written in detail about the shrine complex of Natanz.

Check the animation to find out the composition of this muqarnas.
animation

Harmsen investigated a muqarnas in a niche into great extent. She made a replica of carton. Interesting is what happens at the third layer. She did fill in the gap in the paper version, but not in her computer models. Her rules to generate and interpretet graphs do not help her to solve what she omits: sometimes, you need flat walls. As a result, the software does not understand how to connect tiers, especially the rhombus at the first and second layer. In my interpretation, I added flat walls and a new non-standard muqarnas unit: a half square with a wall at the short side (instead of its wall on the long side.

Yaghan also studied this muqarnas. His drawings are very precise, but do not tell which object is drawn. In my analysis, I labeled every unit. Four units could not be recognized. My assumption is a combination of flat walls and a non-standardhalf square. Questions arise about the need of drawing the the short diagonals of the rhombus and the meaning of the large rectangle. His analysis drawing is almost identical to Harmsen, but there are differences, small in detail, but major impact on the interpretation. That is why I developed the paper 2D analysis, bought a 3D printer, started printing 3D objects and developed dedicated software to find out whether these differences matter.

Blair, S., The Ilkhanid Shrine Complex at Natanz, Iran, Cambridge Harvard University Press, 1987
Blair, S., Bloom, J.M, The Art And Architecture Of Islam (1250- 1800), New York, Yale University Press, 1994
Harmsen, S., Algorithmic Computer Reconstructions of Stalactite Vaults - Muqarnas - in Islamic Architecture, 2006, PhD thesis
Yaghan, M., Decoding the Two-Dimensional Pattern Found at Takht-i Sulayman into Three-Dimensional Muqarnas Forms, Iran, Vol. 38 (2000), pp. 77-95

 


Natanz


Foto tour
© SmugMug

3

3


Muqarnas
© Margi Rothengatter-Lake


Muqarnas

3

3


Mosque


My paper analysis

3

3


Analysis Harmsen


My interpretation

3

3


Analysis Harmsen


Analysis Yaghan

3

3


Analysis Yaghan


My analysis

3

3


Design


Final Product

3

3


Dedicated Unit
at the end of the third layer


Construction plate

3

3


Coding

D J A J A L A L A J A J D
A L A L C D B B D C L A L A
B A I L A L A A A A L A L I A B
Z B G C E C G C E C G C C C E C C C G C E C G C E C G B Z

 


Animation

1
full screen animation

 

 

 

 

top
 


 Dutch